Kidney – Infection, Stones, Tumour, Congenital problems like UPJ obstruction, cyst
Ureter – Stones, Sticture, Infection like TB, Ureterocele, Megaureter, Vesicoureteric reflux
Bladder – Infection, Stone, Tumour, Diverticulum, Neurogenic bladder, Incontinence.
Prostate – Benign enlargement of prostate, Prostatitis, Cancer of Prostate
Urethra – Posterior urethral valve, Stricture urethra, Meatal stenosis
Testis – Infection, Torsion, Hydrocele, Cancer of testis
Penis – Fracture of penis, Peyronies disease, Deviation or Rotation of Penis, Erectile dysfunction, Premature Ejaculation, Male Infertility
Certain disorders in females like incontinence of urine, Urogynaecological Fistulas, Female Sexual Dysfunction and Recurrent Urinary tract infections.
Kidney Failure due to stones or obstruction, creation of AV fistulas.
Injuries of Genitourinary tract